Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976. All definitions may contain copyrighted material of which is allowed for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is permitted by copyright statue that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. All definitions may be provided in part by Blue Letter Bible’s Strong’s Concordance Online, Merriam-Webster Dictionary, Oxford English Dictionary, Online Etymology Dictionary, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion by William L. Reese (1996), Nelson’s Dictionary of Christianity published by Thomas Nelson (2005), and The New Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible by James Strong (1996).

Dictionary of Theology and Philosophy

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a method of reasoning by which one infers to the best explanation.

a method of reasoning using a systematic comparison between two similar structures, typically to explain or clarify an inference.

apologetic, or apology
a written or verbal defense or justification of a theory or doctrine.

one who offers a written or verbal argument in defense of a someone or something.

a supposition accepted as true without question or proof.

the if clause (or the condition) within a proposition. (Example: in P → Q, P is the antecedent and Q is the consequent.)